Glossary

Welcome to our beta Glossary! This is a work in progress and we are actively building up a complete term list, which will take time. If you have feedback about how this glossary works, or terms you'd like to see defined, please click Feedback and let us know.

A

action

In Datadog RUM, an action is a type of event. Action events track user interactions during a user journey.

administrative

Synonyms: admin status

The administrative status of a port (up/down) refers to whether the port is disabled.

Agent

Synonyms: Datadog Agent

The Datadog Agent is an open source software that runs on a host. It collects metrics and events from the host and sends them to Datadog. It can run on your local hosts (Windows, macOS), containerized environments (Docker, Kubernetes), and in on-premises data centers. For more information, see the documentation.

alert

Datadog monitors generate alerts, indicating that a set condition has been reached.

Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS)

ECS is a container orchestration service.

Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS)

EKS is a managed Kubernetes service.

Amazon Resource Name (ARN)

An ARN is a string that uniquely identifies an AWS resource. See the AWS documentation for more information.

analytics

Log analytics is the process of querying, grouping, and visualizing logs for investigation and exploration.

Annotation

In Kubernetes, annotations are key/value maps that can be used to attach metadata to Kubernetes objects.

API key

An API key is a token used to authenticate a user or an application. The Datadog Agent requires an API key to submit metrics and events to Datadog.

APM

Related terms: Check

Synonyms: Tracing, Distributed Tracing

Application Performance Monitoring (APM) monitors requests, errors, and latency in your application. Add distributed traces throughout your application to correlate to browser sessions, logs, profiles, synthetic checks, network, processes, and infrastructure metrics across your hosts, containers, proxies, and server less functions.

For more information about APM, see the APM documentation.

archive

An archive is a long-term cloud storage solution to store logs, whether they are indexed or not, for longer periods.

attribute

An attribute is a piece of information about a log.

Autodiscovery

In Datadog, Autodiscovery is a feature that automatically identifies the services running on containers. This enables you to define configuration templates for Agent checks and specify which containers each check should apply.

AWS Fargate

Synonyms: Fargate

AWS Fargate is a serverless compute engine.

Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)

AKS is a managed Kubernetes service.

C

cardinality

In Datadog, cardinality is the number of tag values associated with a tag key for a metric.

Center for Internet Security (CIS)

The CIS is an organization that maintains CIS Controls and CIS Benchmarks, which are recommendations and guidelines for best security practices.

Check

Synonyms: APM

Checks are small Python programs run periodically by the Agent. A Check performs an action and then gathers the result, which the Agent then stores and reports to the Datadog platform. These programs are freeform and are generally used to collect metrics from custom environments or applications. Note that the word “check” - when not capitalized - refers to the generic act of taking a measurement.

child org

A child org belongs to a parent org and maintains its own data separate from the parent org and other child orgs.

Cluster Agent

The Cluster Agent is a version of the Datadog Agent that provides a streamlined, centralized approach to collecting cluster-level monitoring data.

cold start

In computing, a cold start refers to when a system or component was recently created or restarted. In serverless computing, a cold start refers specifically to the problems (such as increased latency) that may arise when a function is invoked for the first time or after an idle period.

collector

The collector is the Agent process that runs checks on the machine and collects metrics. For more information, see the documentation.

ConfigMap

A ConfigMap is an API object that stores data in key-value pairs. ConfigMaps can be supplied to Pods as environment variables, command-line arguments, or configuration files in a volume.

Container Agent

The Container Agent is the version of the Datadog Agent that runs on a containerized environment.

container runtime

A container runtime is the part of a container engine that mounts the container and stops/starts containerization.

Container Runtime Interface (CRI)

The CRI interface allows a kubelet to use different container runtimes.

containerd

Containerd is a container runtime.

Core Web Vitals

Core Web Vitals are a set of metrics that Google has identified as meaningful signals for UX testing. These metrics concern how long it takes for a page to load, how long it takes for a user to interact, how stable a page is as it loads, etc.

count

“Count” is a metric type that adds up all the submitted values in a time interval. For more information, see the documentation.

crawler delay

A crawler delay is a delay in metrics for Datadog cloud integrations due to constraints with the cloud provider API. For more information, see the documentation.

cross-site request forgery (CSRF)

Synonyms: XSRF

CSRF is a type of exploit where an attacker uses a web client, such as a browser, to access or manipulate information.

D

DaemonSet

In Kubernetes, a DaemonSet is a controller that manages groups of Pods. You can describe a DaemonSet in a YAML file.

datadog.yaml

The datadog.yaml is the main Agent configuration file for enabling and disabling different features. For more information, see the documentation.

delay

An evaluation delay tells the monitor to wait a specified number of seconds before it begins evaluation. For more information, see the documentation.

distributed tracing

Distributed tracing is a method of tracking application requests as they flow from frontend devices to backend services and databases. Developers can use distributed tracing to troubleshoot requests that exhibit high latency or errors.

distribution

A distribution is a metric type that aggregates values sent from multiple hosts during a flush interval. For more information, see the documentation.

Docker

Docker is a framework for managing containers.

DogStatsD

DogStatsD refers to two related things: a protocol based on StatsD, and an application for reporting metrics which implements that protocol. The DogStatsD protocol is an extension of the StatsD protocol, with some modifications that are specific to the Datadog platform. The DogStatsD application is a service that is bundled with the Agent, and is used as a lightweight mechanism for reporting metrics.

See the DogStatsD documentation for more information.

downtime

Downtimes are scheduled periods during which monitors’ alerts and notifications are silenced. For more information, see the documentation.

dynamic application security testing (DAST)

DAST is a security testing methodology that analyzes a running application without looking at its source code.

E

eBPF

eBPF is a Linux kernel technology that allows users to run bytecode without changing the kernel or adding kernel modules.

enhanced metric

Synonyms: enhanced Lambda metric

Datadog generates a set of enhanced Lambda metrics from your Lambda runtime. These are in addition to the default Lambda metrics provided by the AWS Lambda integration. Enhanced Lambda metrics are prepended with aws.lambda.enhanced.*.

error

In Datadog RUM, an error is a type of event. An error event is generated when the browser emits a frontend error.

evaluation window

The evaluation window is the look back timeframe of the data that the monitor aggregates and uses to compare against the defined thresholds. For more information, see the documentation.

exclusion filter

An exclusion filter determines which logs should not be indexed. These logs still show in Live Tail.

explorer

Events Explorer is a page in Datadog where users can view and aggregate events. Events Explorer displays the most recent events generated by the user’s infrastructure and services, such as code deployments, service health, configuration changes, or monitoring alerts. For more information, see the documentation.

F

facet

A facet is a user-defined tag or attribute of indexed logs. It can be quantitative or qualitative and is used in Log Explorer to search logs, define log patterns, and perform log analytics.

A faceted search uses filters to narrow down search results.

flame graph

A flame graph is a visualization of a trace, where bars represent spans and show the the span’s execution time as well as what called it and what calls it made. Flame graphs are also used to represent profiles.

flare

The flare command is a quick way to send troubleshooting information to the Datadog support team. flare gathers all of the Agent’s configuration files and logs into an archive file, removes sensitive information like passwords, and then sends the archive file to Datadog support.

flow

In computer networks, a flow is the path taken when one endpoint communicates with another. Datadog’s network map provides a visualization for network data flow. For more information, see the documentation.

forecast

Forecasts use algorithms to predict the future behavior and values of a metric.

forwarder (Agent)

The forwarder is the Agent process that sends metrics over HTTPS to Dataodog. For more information, see the documentation.

function

In serverless computing, a function is a programmatic function hosted on managed infrastructure.

funnel analysis

Funnel analysis analyzes a user’s journey towards a defined outcome, such as signup or purchase. Funnel analysis looks at the sequence of events along this journey.

G

gauge

Gauge is a metric type that takes the last value reported during the interval. For more information, see the documentation.

global variable

In Datadog Synthetic Monitoring, a global variable is a variable that is accessible from all of a user’s Synthetic tests. For more information, see the documentation.

Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE)

GKE is a managed Kubernetes service.

granularity

Granularity is the frequency at which data is collected or displayed on graphs. For more information, see the documentation.

grok

Grok is a method for parsing and extracting attributes from semi-structured log messages.

H

Helm

Helm is a tool for managing pre-configured Kubernetes resources.

histogram

A histogram reports five different values that summarize the submitted values: the average, count, median, 95th percentile, and max. For more information, see the documentation.

HorizontalPodAutoscaler (HPA)

In Kubernetes, an HPA automatically deploys more Pods to meet demand.

host

A host is a computer or a virtual machine.

I

indexed

Indexed logs are logs that have been collected, processed, and retained for analysis, alerting, and dashboarding.

ingested

Ingested logs are all logs collected throughout your environment.

ingestion control

Ingestion control refers to the mechanisms and rules in the Agent and in tracing libraries for determining what traces are sent from an application to Datadog.

Intelligent Retention Filter

A Datadog default retention filter that is always active, keeping a representative proportion of traces, true high latency, and diverse error traces to help you monitor the health of your applications. It is not random, and so traces only retained by Intelligent Retention are not included in trace metrics.

interactive application security testing (IAST)

IAST is a security testing methodology that combines static and dynamic testing.

invocation

In serverless computing, an invocation is when a deployed function is called.

K

Kubernetes

Kubernetes is a platform for managing containers.

L

layer 2

Synonyms: data link layer

In the OSI model of computer networking, layer 2 defines the network data format. Layer 2 concerns frames and physical addressing.

layer 3

Synonyms: network layer

In the OSI model of computer networking, layer 3 determines how data is physically routed from source to destination. Layer 3 concerns packets and logical addressing.

Live Tail

Live Tail is all logs ingested by Datadog after processing but before indexing or archiving.

log indexing

Log indexing filters logs into value groups for different retention periods, quotas, usage monitoring, and billing.

M

manifest (Kubernetes)

In Kubernetes, a manifest is a file that describes the creation and management of resources in a cluster.

measure

A measure is a quantitative facet that can be used to aggregate values from multiple logs, filter logs using a range, or sort logs against a value.

minified code

Minified code is code (often JavaScript) stripped of comments, extra whitespace, unused code, and anything else that does not affect functionality. Minified code is less human-readable, but its smaller size improves website performance.

MITRE Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge (ATT&CK)

MITRE ATT&CK is a knowledge base of cyber adversary tactics and techniques.

multi alert

A multi alert applies the alert to each source according to the monitor’s group parameter. An alert notification is sent for each group that meets the set conditions. For more information, see the documentation.

multi-org

Multi-org is an account feature to manage multiple child organizations from one parent organization account. Users can be added to the parent-org and multiple child-orgs.

multistep API test

A multistep API test has several HTTP requests chained together to monitor user journeys on your services. For more information, see the documentation.

mute

Mute a monitor to silence a monitor’s alerts and notifications.

N

NetFlow

NetFlow is a network protocol system that collects IP network traffic as it enters or exits an interface. It was introduced by Cisco in 1996.

Network Device Monitoring (NDM)

Datadog’s Network Device Monitoring (NDM) provides visibility into on-premise and virtual network devices, such as routers, switches, and firewalls. For more information, see the documentation.

Network Performance Monitoring (NPM)

Datadog’s Network Performance Monitoring (NPM) provides visibility into network traffic between services, containers, availability zones, etc. For more information, see the documentation.

No Data

No Data is when an integration or application is no longer submitting metrics to Datadog.

Node Agent

The Node Agent is the version of the Datadog Agent that runs on a host.

O

object identifier (OID)

An OID is a standardized name used to identify an object.

Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)

OWASP is an organization that provides web application security resources.

operational status

The operational status of a port (up/down) refers to whether the port is up or down.

orchestrator

In a containerized infrastructure, an orchestrator automates the management of containers. This includes the provisioning, deploying, scaling, and networking of containers.

P

parent org

A parent org can manage and view the usage of multiple child organizations.

pattern

A pattern is when log messages have a similar structure. Pattern aggregation groups these logs together and displays them in the patterns view.

pipeline

A pipeline is an ordered set of processers applied to a filtered subset of logs, which happens after the collection of logs but before indexing.

Pod

In Kubernetes, a Pod is the smallest deployable unit of computing.

policy-based routing (PBR)

In computer networks, PBR is a technique for routing data according to policies and filters.

private location

In Datadog Synthetic Monitoring, a private location is a Docker container that a user can install inside a private network. This enables users to monitor internal-facing applications or private URLs that are not accessible from the public internet. For more information, see the documentation.

processing pipeline

Related terms: processor , pipeline

For Datadog Events, a processing pipeline is a set sequence of data-structuring actions on event attributes when they are ingested. Users can configure processing pipelines to normalize and enrich events. For more information, see the documentation.

processor

A processor is a set of instructions executed in a log pipeline to restructure log data and generate attributes to enrich logs.

profile

Synonyms: network profile

A network profile is a set of attributes that describe how a network is configured.

profile

A snapshot in time of how much work (CPU usage, memory usage) is being done by code.

Q

query

A query is composed of the metric name, the time aggregator, the space aggregator, and the scope. For more information, see the documentation.

R

rate

Rate is a metric type that takes the count and divides it by the length of the time interval. For more information, see the documentation.

real user monitoring (RUM)

RUM is a UX monitoring technology that records user interactions with a website or application.

RED metrics

RED stands for “Rate, errors, and duration,” three key metrics for evaluating the performance of some code.

reference table

A reference table lists entities in Datadog like customer details, service names, and information, or IP addresses. The information is represented by a primary key and the associated metadata. For more information, see the documentation.

Rehydration

Rehydration is when archived logs are recalled back into Datadog.

resource

A particular domain of an application, typically an instrumented web endpoint, database query, or background job.

resource

RBAC is a method to control read and write access to account assets based on roles that are granted permissions and assigned to users. For more information, see the documentation.

resource

In Datadog RUM, a resource is a type of event. A resource event is generated for images, XHR, Fetch, CSS, or JS libraries loaded on a page.

retention filter

Synonyms: indexing

Mechanisms and rules for determining what traces are retained for 15 day storage. Datadog retains a certain amount (Intelligent Retention) and users can create custom filters.

role

A role defines the account permissions for users. In Datadog, there are three default roles: Admin, Standard, and Read-only. For more information, see the documentation.

runtime application self-protection (RASP)

RASP is a security technology that detects and prevents attacks in real time.

S

Saved Views

In the Log Explorer, saved views keep track of different search queries, customized default visualizations, and a selected subset of facets. Saved views are shared across your organization.

scope

The scope uses tag(s) to filter the query. For more information, see the documentation.

Secrets (Kubernetes)

In Kubernetes, a Secret is an object that can be used to store sensitive data, such as passwords, tokens, and keys.

security information and event management (SIEM)

SIEM is a field in computer security that uses data from security events to support threat detection, security incident management, and compliance.

Sensitive Data Scanner

The Sensitive Data Scanner is a stream-based, pattern matching service to identify, tag, and optionally redact or hash sensitive data.

server-side request forgery (SSRF)

SSRF is a type of exploit where an attacker uses a server to access or manipulate information.

serverless

Serverless is a cloud development and execution model in which a cloud service provider handles server infrastructure.

Serverless Insights

Serverless insights are automatically-generated indicators (such as high memory usage, cold start, out of memory, etc.) that Datadog uses to identify and flag Lambda functions that are failing or performing poorly.

service

A service is a group of related endpoints, queries, or jobs that perform a piece of work for your application. A microservices based architecture is built from multiple services, each performing part of the operation of the application.

service

In the context of serverless computing, a service is an independently-deployed piece of functionality in your architecture. Serverless applications are powered by managed services.

service account

A service account is a non-human user that can be assigned a role and own application keys. For more information, see the documentation.

service check

A service check monitors whether the status of a specific service is up or down. For more information, see the documentation.

Service Level Agreement (SLA)

An SLA is an explicit or implicit agreement between a client and service provider stipulating the client’s reliability expectations and the service provider’s consequences for not meeting them.

Service Level Objective (SLO)

An SLO is a target percentage for application performance over a specific period of time. For more information, see the documentation.

Service Map

In APM, the Service Map visualization provides an overview of your services and their health. It decomposes your application into its component services and draws observed dependencies between them.

session

In Datadog RUM, a session is a type of event. A user session begins when a user starts browsing the web application. It contains high-level information about the user, including their browser and device.

Session Replay

Session replay is a technique in UX testing that replays a user’s journey on a website or application.

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

SNMP is a protocol for collecting, organizing, and modifying information about managed devices on IP networks.

SNMP Management Information Base (MIB)

An SNMP MIB is a collection of definitions for a managed object’s properties (such as data types, access permissions, etc.) For more information, see the documentation.

SNMP trap

SNMP Traps are notifications sent from an SNMP-enabled device to an SNMP manager. When a network device encounters unusual activity, such as a sudden state change on a piece of equipment, the device triggers an SNMP Trap event. For more information, see the documentation.

software development kit (SDK)

An SDK is a set of tools that enable developers to create applications for a specific technology, such as an operating system or a programming language.

source

A log source is where logs are collected and ingested into Datadog.

source map

A source map is a file that maps minified JavaScript code to the original source.

space aggregation

Space aggregation splits a single metric into multiple timeseries by tags such as host, container, and region. There are four aggregation options: sum, min, max, and avg. For more information, see the documentation.

span

A span is a logical unit of work in a distributed system for a given period. Multiple spans construct a trace.

span ID

A span ID is a numerical identifier generated by the tracing library for a span. Together with trace IDs, they are used to correlate traces and logs in Datadog.

span tag

A span tag is a tag that is applied to a [span][#span], in the form of a key-value pair, to correlate a request with other telemetry (or to filter it in searches).

standard attribute

A standard attribute is from a default set of attributes. These default attributes can be customized to create a naming convention for your organization.

static application security testing (SAST)

Synonyms: static analysis

SAST is a security testing methodology that analyzes a program’s source code or binaries.

T

template variable

A template variable is an attribute used to customize and route monitor notifications based on the alert details. For more information, see the documentation.

time aggregation

Synonyms: rollup

Time aggregation is how Datadog combines data points into time buckets. There are five aggregation options: sum, min, max, avg, and count. For more information, see the documentation.

trace

A trace tracks the time spent processing a request, and the status of this request. Each trace consists of one or more spans.

trace ID

The trace ID is a numerical identifier generated by the tracing library for a trace. Together with span IDs, they are used to correlate traces and logs in Datadog.

transaction

A transaction aggregates indexed logs based on an instance of a sequence of events, such as a user session or a request processed across multiple micro-services.

U

user

A user is someone who has access to data in Datadog based on their assigned role.

V

view

In Datadog RUM, a view is a type of event. A view event is generated each time a user visits a web application page.

W

warning

A warning is an optional monitor threshold setting for sending a warning notification, where the priority level is lower than an alert.

web application firewall (WAF)

A WAF is a security tool that monitors and filters HTTP traffic from a web application.

webhook

A webhook uses a URL to connect your services and alerts your services when a metric alert is triggered. For more information, see the documentation.