Multistep API tests allow you to chain several HTTP requests or gRPC requests at once to proactively monitor and ensure that the sophisticated journeys on your key services are available at anytime, and from anywhere. If you want to perform single requests to your services, use API tests.

You can accomplish the following:

  • Execute HTTP requests on API endpoints requiring authentication (for example, through a token)
  • Monitor key business transactions at the API level
  • Simulate end-to-end mobile application journeys
Multiple test steps in a multistep API test

If one of your services starts answering more slowly, or in an unexpected way (for example, unexpected response body or status code), your test can alert your team, block your CI pipeline, or even roll back the faulty deployment.

Multistep API tests can run from Datadog managed and private locations, allowing full coverage of your systems, both external and internal.


Name and tag your test

  1. Name your Multistep API test.
  2. Add env and other tags to your Multistep API test. You can use these tags to filter through your Synthetic tests on the Synthetic Monitoring & Continuous Testing page.

Select locations

Select the Locations for your Multistep API test. Multistep API tests can run from both managed and private locations depending on your preference for running the test from outside or inside your network.

Datadog’s out-of-the-box managed locations allow you to test public-facing websites and endpoints from regions where your customers are located.

Canada Central (AWS)Hong Kong (AWS)Cape Town (AWS)
Northern California (AWS)Mumbai (AWS)Frankfurt (AWS)
Northern Virginia (AWS)Seoul (AWS)Ireland (AWS)
Ohio (AWS)Singapore (AWS)London (AWS)
Oregon (AWS)Sydney (AWS)Paris (AWS)
São Paulo (AWS)Tokyo (AWS)Stockholm (AWS)
Virginia (Azure)Osaka (AWS)Milan (AWS)
Jakarta (AWS)Bahrain (AWS)

The Datadog for Government site (US1-FED) uses the following managed location:


Define steps

To create an API request step, click Create Your First Step.

Create your Multistep API test requests

By default, you can create up to 10 test steps. To increase this limit, contact Datadog Support.

Define the request

  1. Name your step.

  2. Choose a request type: HTTP or gRPC.

    See the HTTP Tests documentation to create an HTTP request and add assertions. Assertions are optional in multistep API tests.

    See the gRPC Tests documentation to create a gRPC request and add assertions for a behavior check or a health check. Assertions are optional in multistep API tests.

Add execution parameters

Click Continue with test if this step fails to allow your test to move on with subsequent steps after step failure. This ensures your tests are able to clean up after themselves. For example, a test may create a resource, perform a number of actions on that resource, and end with the deletion of that resource.

In case one of the intermediary steps fail, you want to have this setting enabled on every intermediary step to ensure that the resource is deleted at the end of the test and that no false positives are created.

The test generates an alert if an endpoint does not answer as expected. Your test can trigger retries X times after Y ms in case of a failed test result. Customize the retry interval to suit your alerting sensibility.

Extract variables from the response

Optionally, extract variables from the response of your API request by parsing its response headers or body. The value of the variable updates each time the API request step runs.

To start parsing a variable, click Extract a variable from response content:

  1. Enter a Variable Name. Your variable name can only use uppercase letters, numbers, and underscores and must have at least three characters.

  2. Decide whether to extract your variable from the response headers or from the response body.

    • Extract the value from response header: use the full response header of your API request as the variable value, or parse it with a regex.
    • Extract the value from response body: use the full response body of your API request as the variable value or parse it with a regex, a JSONPath, or a XPath.
Extract variables from API requests in Multistep API test

You can extract up to ten variables per test step. Once created, this variable can be used in the following steps of your multistep API test. For more information, see Use variables.

Specify test frequency

Multistep API tests can run:

  • On a schedule to ensure your most important endpoints are always accessible to your users. Select the frequency you want Datadog to run your multistep API test.
  • Within your CI/CD pipelines to start shipping without fearing faulty code might impact your customers’ experience.
  • On-demand to run your tests whenever makes the most sense for your teams.

Define alert conditions

Set alert conditions to determine the circumstances under which you want a test to fail and trigger an alert.

Alerting rule

When you set the alert conditions to: An alert is triggered if any assertion fails for X minutes from any n of N locations, an alert is triggered only if these two conditions are true:

  • At least one location was in failure (at least one assertion failed) during the last X minutes;
  • At one moment during the last X minutes, at least n locations were in failure.

Fast retry

Your test can trigger retries X times after Y ms in case of a failed test result. Customize the retry interval to suit your alerting sensibility.

Location uptime is computed on a per-evaluation basis (whether the last test result before evaluation was up or down). The total uptime is computed based on the configured alert conditions. Notifications sent are based on the total uptime.

Configure the test monitor

A notification is sent by your test based on the alerting conditions previously defined. Use this section to define how and what to message your team.

  1. Similar to how you configure monitors, select users and/or services that should receive notifications either by adding an @notification to the message or by searching for team members and connected integrations with the dropdown menu.

  2. Enter the notification message for your test. This field allows standard Markdown formatting and supports the following conditional variables:

    Conditional VariableDescription
    {{ #is_alert }}Show when the test alerts.
    {{ ^is_alert }}Show unless the test alerts.
    {{ #is_recovery }}Show when the test recovers from alert.
    {{ ^is_recovery }}Show unless the test recovers from alert.
    {{ #is_renotify }}Show when the monitor renotifies.
    {{ ^is_renotify }}Show unless the monitor renotifies.
    {{ #is_priority }}Show when the monitor matches priority (P1 to P5).
    {{ ^is_priority }}Show unless the monitor matches priority (P1 to P5).
  3. Specify how often you want your test to re-send the notification message in case of test failure. To prevent renotification on failing tests, leave the option as Never renotify if the monitor has not been resolved.

  4. Click Create to save your test configuration and monitor.

For more information, see Using Synthetic Test Monitors.


Create local variables

To create a local variable, click Create a Local Variable. You can select one of the following available builtins to add to your variable string:

{{ numeric(n) }}
Generates a numeric string with n digits.
{{ alphabetic(n) }}
Generates an alphabetic string with n letters.
{{ alphanumeric(n) }}
Generates an alphanumeric string with n characters.
{{ date(n unit, format) }}
Generates a date in one of Datadog’s accepted formats with a value corresponding to the UTC date the test is initiated at + or - n units.
{{ timestamp(n, unit) }}
Generates a timestamp in one of Datadog’s accepted units with a value corresponding to the UTC timestamp the test is initiated at +/- n units.
{{ uuid }}
Generates a version 4 universally unique identifier (UUID).

To obfuscate local variable values in test results, select Hide and obfuscate variable value. Once you have defined the variable string, click Add Variable.

Extract variables

In addition to creating local variables, you can extract variables from any step of your multistep API test and re-inject the values in subsequent steps.

Use variables

You can use the global variables defined in the Settings and the locally defined variables in the URL, advanced options, and assertions of your API tests.

To display your list of variables, type {{ in your desired field.

Test failure

A test is considered FAILED if a step does not satisfy one or several assertions or if a step’s request prematurely failed. In some cases, the test can indeed fail without being able to test the assertions against the endpoint, these reasons include:

No connection could be made because the target machine actively refused it.
The connection was abruptly closed by the remote server. Possible causes include the webserver encountering an error or crashing while responding, or loss of connectivity of the webserver.
DNS entry not found for the test URL. Possible causes include a misconfigured test URL or a wrong configuration in your DNS entries.
The configuration of the test is invalid (for example, a typo in the URL).
The SSL connection couldn’t be performed. See the dedicated error page for more information.
The request couldn’t be completed in a reasonable time. Two types of TIMEOUT can happen:
  • TIMEOUT: The request couldn't be completed in a reasonable time. indicates that the request duration hit the test defined timeout (default is set to 60s). For each request only the completed stages for the request are displayed in the network waterfall. For example, in the case of Total response time only being displayed, the timeout occurred during the DNS resolution.
  • TIMEOUT: Overall test execution couldn't be completed in a reasonable time. indicates that the request and assertions duration hit the maximum duration (10 minutes).

For HTTP steps, see common HTTP step failures. For gRPC steps, see common gRPC step failures.


By default, only users with the Datadog Admin and Datadog Standard roles can create, edit, and delete Synthetic multistep API tests. To get create, edit, and delete access to Synthetic multistep API tests, upgrade your user to one of those two default roles.

If you are using the custom role feature, add your user to any custom role that includes synthetics_read and synthetics_write permissions for Synthetic Monitoring.

Restrict access

Access restriction is available for customers using custom roles on their accounts.

You can restrict access to a multistep API test based on the roles in your organization. When creating a multistep API test, choose which roles (in addition to your user) can read and write your test.

Set permissions for your test

Further Reading