journald

Supported OS Linux Windows

Integrationv1.1.0

Overview

Systemd-journald is a system service that collects and stores logging data. It creates and maintains structured, indexed journals based on logging information from a variety of sources.

Setup

Installation

The journald check is included in the Datadog Agent package. No additional installation is needed on your server.

Configuration

Journal files, by default, are owned and readable by the systemd-journal system group. To start collecting your journal logs, you need to:

  1. Install the Agent on the instance running the journal.
  2. Add the dd-agent user to the systemd-journal group by running:
     usermod -a -G systemd-journal dd-agent
    

To configure this check for an Agent running on a host:

Edit the journald.d/conf.yaml file, in the conf.d/ folder at the root of your Agent’s configuration directory to start collecting logs.

Log collection

Collecting logs is disabled by default in the Datadog Agent, you need to enable it in the datadog.yaml with:

logs_enabled: true

Then add this configuration block to your journald.d/conf.yaml file to start collecting your Logs:

logs:
    - type: journald
      container_mode: true

To fill source and service attributes, the Agent collects SYSLOG_IDENTIFIER , _SYSTEMD_UNIT and _COMMand set them to the first non empty value. To take advantage of the integration pipelines, Datadog recommends setting the SyslogIdentifier parameter in the systemd service file directly, or in a systemd service override file. Their location depends on your distribution, but you can find the location of the systemd service file by using the command systemctl show -p FragmentPath <unit_name>.

Note: With Agent 7.17+, if container_mode is set to true, the default behavior changes for logs coming from Docker containers. The source attribute of your logs is automatically set to the corresponding short image name of the container instead of simply docker.

Restart the Agent.

For containerized environments, see the Autodiscovery Integration Templates for guidance on applying the parameters below.

Log collection

Collecting logs is disabled by default in the Datadog Agent. To enable it, see Kubernetes Log Collection.

ParameterValue
<LOG_CONFIG>{"source": "journald", "service": "<YOUR_APP_NAME>"}

Advanced features

Change journal location

By default the Agent looks for the journal at the following locations:

  • /var/log/journal
  • /run/log/journal

If your journal is located elsewhere, add a path parameter with the corresponding journal path.

Filter journal units

You can filter specific system-level units by using these parameters:

  • include_units: Includes all system-level units specified.
  • exclude_units: Excludes all system-level units specified.

Example:

logs:
    - type: journald
      path: /var/log/journal/
      include_units:
          - docker.service
          - sshd.service

In Datadog Agent version 7.37.0+, you can filter user-level units by using these parameters:

  • include_user_units: Includes all user-level units specified.
  • exclude_user_units: Excludes all user-level units specified.

Note: Use the * wildcard in exclude_units or exclude_user_units to specify a particular Journald log.

Example:

logs:
    # Collect all system-level unit logs.
    - type: journald
      exclude_user_units:
          - '*'
Tailing the same journal multiple times

If you want to report units with different source or service tags, these must appear in separate journald configs.

In order to do this you must uniquely identify the journal config with a config_id (available in agent 7.41.0+).

logs:
    - type: journald
      config_id: my-app1
      source: my-app1
      service: my-app1
      include_units:
          - my-app1.service

    - type: journald
      config_id: my-app2
      source: my-app2
      service: my-app2
      include_units:
          - my-app2.service
Collect container tags

Tags are critical for finding information in highly dynamic containerized environments, which is why the Agent can collect container tags in journald logs.

This works automatically when the Agent is running from the host. If you are using the containerized version of the Datadog Agent, mount your journal path and the following file:

  • /etc/machine-id: this ensures that the Agent can query the journal that is stored on the host.

Validation

Run the Agent’s status subcommand and look for journald under the Logs Agent section.

Data Collected

Metrics

journald does not include any metrics.

Service Checks

journald does not include any service checks.

Events

journald does not include any events.

Troubleshooting

Need help? Contact Datadog support.