EC2 instances should enforce IMDSv2

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Use the IMDSv2 session-oriented communication method to transport instance metadata.

For more information, you can also refer to our in-depth explanation of what IMDSv2 is and why it matters.


AWS default configurations allow the use of either IMDSv1, IMDSv2, or both. IMDSv1 uses insecure GET request/responses which are at risk for a number of vulnerabilities, whereas IMDSv2 uses session-oriented requests and a secret token that expires after a maximum of six hours. This adds protection against misconfigured-open website application firewalls, misconfigured-open reverse proxies, unpatched Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerabilities, and misconfigured-open layer-3 firewalls and network address translation.


Follow the Transition to using Instance Metadata Service Version 2 docs to learn how to transition and reconfigure your software.