Cette page n'est pas encore disponible en français, sa traduction est en cours.
Si vous avez des questions ou des retours sur notre projet de traduction actuel, n'hésitez pas à nous contacter.

This guide assumes that you have configured Database Monitoring.

Datadog Database Monitoring (DBM) allows you to view explain plans and query samples running on your database hosts. This guide shows you how to use cloud managed authentication features, such as IAM, to connect the Agent to your database. This provides a more secure way to authenticate and saves you from having to manage database credentials across your agent hosts.

Before you begin

Supported databases
Postgres, SQL Server

Supported authentication types and Agent versions :

Authentication TypeAgent VersionPostgresSQL Server
IAM
7.46
Microsoft Entra ID Managed Identity
7.48

Configure IAM authentication

AWS supports IAM authentication to RDS and Aurora databases. In order to configure the Agent to connect using IAM, do the following:

  1. Turn on IAM authentication on your RDS or Aurora instance.
  2. Create an IAM policy for DB authentication. Replace <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_USER> with the local database user in the IAM policy document:
    {
       "Version": "2012-10-17",
       "Statement": [
           {
               "Effect": "Allow",
               "Action": [
                   "rds-db:connect"
               ],
               "Resource": [
                   "arn:aws:rds-db:REGION:ACCOUNT:dbuser:db-<RESOURCE_ID>/<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_USER>"
               ]
           }
       ]
    }
    

    For example, if you want to use the datadog user, use the following resource ARN:

    {
       "Version": "2012-10-17",
       "Statement": [
           {
               "Effect": "Allow",
               "Action": [
                   "rds-db:connect"
               ],
               "Resource": [
                   "arn:aws:rds-db:REGION:ACCOUNT:dbuser:db-<RESOURCE_ID>/datadog"
               ]
           }
       ]
    }
    
    {
       "Version": "2012-10-17",
       "Statement": [
           {
               "Effect": "Allow",
               "Action": [
                   "rds-db:connect"
               ],
               "Resource": [
                   "arn:aws:rds-db:REGION:ACCOUNT:dbuser:cluster-<RESOURCE_ID>/<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_USER>"
               ]
           }
       ]
    }
    

    For example, if you wanted to use the datadog user, you would use the following resource ARN:

    {
       "Version": "2012-10-17",
       "Statement": [
           {
               "Effect": "Allow",
               "Action": [
                   "rds-db:connect"
               ],
               "Resource": [
                   "arn:aws:rds-db:REGION:ACCOUNT:dbuser:cluster-<RESOURCE_ID>/datadog"
               ]
           }
       ]
    }
    

AWS also supports wildcards for specifying the resource, for example if you wanted to allow the datadog user to authenticate across all instances for an account add the following:

  "Resource": [
    "arn:aws:rds-db:*:ACCOUNT:dbuser:cluster-*/datadog",
    "arn:aws:rds-db:*:ACCOUNT:dbuser:db-*/datadog"
  ],
  1. Log in to your database instance as the root user, and grant the rds_iam role to the new user:
CREATE USER <YOUR_IAM_ROLE> WITH LOGIN;
GRANT rds_iam TO <YOUR_IAM_ROLE>;

For example, for the datadog user you would run:

CREATE USER datadog WITH LOGIN;
GRANT rds_iam TO datadog;

Note: this has to be a new user created without a password, or IAM authentication will fail.

  1. Complete the Agent setup steps for your RDS or Aurora instance.
  1. Create an IAM role and attach the IAM policy created in step 2 to the role.
# Create an IAM role for EC2 instance
# Replace `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_ROLE>` with the name of the IAM role
aws iam create-role --role-name <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_ROLE> --assume-role-policy-document '{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Principal": {
        "Service": "ec2.amazonaws.com"
      },
      "Action": "sts:AssumeRole"
    }
  ]
}'

# Attach the IAM policy to the IAM role
# Replace `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_POLICY_ARN>` with the ARN of the IAM policy from step 2
aws iam attach-role-policy --role-name <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_ROLE> --policy-arn <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_POLICY_ARN>

Attach the IAM role to the EC2 instance where the Agent is running. For more information, see IAM roles for Amazon EC2.

  1. Create an IAM role and attach the IAM policy created in step 2 to the role.
# Create an IAM role for ECS task
# Replace `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_ROLE>` with the name of the IAM role
aws iam create-role --role-name <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_ROLE> --assume-role-policy-document '{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Principal": {
        "Service": "ecs-tasks.amazonaws.com"
      },
      "Action": "sts:AssumeRole"
    }
  ]
}'

# Attach the IAM policy to the IAM role
# Replace `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_POLICY_ARN>` with the ARN of the IAM policy from step 2
aws iam attach-role-policy --role-name <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_ROLE> --policy-arn <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_POLICY_ARN>

In the ECS task definition, attach the IAM role to the task role where the Agent container is defined. For more information, see IAM roles for Amazon ECS.

  1. Create an IAM role and attach the IAM policy created in step 2 to the role.
# Create an IAM OIDC provider for your cluster
# Replace `<YOUR_ESK_REGION>` and `<YOUR_ESK_CLUSTER>` with the region and name of your ESK cluster
$ eksctl utils associate-iam-oidc-provider \
  --region=<YOUR_ESK_REGION> \
  --cluster=<YOUR_ESK_CLUSTER> \
  --approve

# Create a service account
# Replace `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_POLICY_ARN>` with the ARN of the IAM policy from step 2
# Replace `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_SERVICE_ACCOUNT>` and `<YOUR_IAM_AUTH_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE>` with the name and namespace of the service account
$ eksctl create iamserviceaccount \
  --cluster <YOUR_ESK_CLUSTER> \
  --name <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_SERVICE_ACCOUNT> \
  --namespace <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE> \
  --attach-policy-arn <YOUR_IAM_AUTH_DB_POLICY_ARN> \
  --override-existing-serviceaccounts \
  --approve

Map the IAM role to the Kubernetes service account where the Agent is running. For more information, see IAM roles for Amazon EKS service account.

  1. Update your Postgres instance config with an aws block specifying the region of the RDS instance, and set managed_authentication.enabled to true:
instances:
  - host: example-endpoint.us-east-2.rds.amazonaws.com
    port: 5432
    username: datadog
    dbm: true
    aws:
      instance_endpoint: example-endpoint.us-east-2.rds.amazonaws.com
      region: us-east-2
      managed_authentication:
        enabled: true

Configure Microsoft Entra ID managed identity authentication

Azure allows users to configure managed identity authentication for any resource that can access Microsoft Entra ID, formerly Azure Active Directory. The Datadog Agent supports both user and system assigned managed identity authentication to your cloud databases.

Connect to PostgreSQL

In order to configure authentication to your PostgreSQL Flexible or Single Server instance, do the following:

  1. Create your managed identity in the Azure portal, and assign it to your Azure Virtual Machine where the agent is deployed.
  2. Configure a Microsoft Entra ID admin user on your PostgreSQL instance.
  3. Connect to your PostgreSQL instance as the Microsoft Entra ID admin user, and run the following command:
select * from pgaadauth_create_principal('<IDENTITY_NAME>', false, false);
  1. Proceed with the normal Agent setup steps for Azure. For example:

Create the following schema in every database:

CREATE SCHEMA datadog;
GRANT USAGE ON SCHEMA datadog TO "<IDENTITY_NAME>";
GRANT USAGE ON SCHEMA public TO "<IDENTITY_NAME>";
GRANT pg_monitor TO datadog;

Create the function in every database to enable the Agent to collect explain plans.

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION datadog.explain_statement(
  l_query TEXT,
  OUT explain JSON
)
RETURNS SETOF JSON AS
$$
DECLARE
curs REFCURSOR;
plan JSON;


BEGIN
  OPEN curs FOR EXECUTE pg_catalog.concat('EXPLAIN (FORMAT JSON) ', l_query);
  FETCH curs INTO plan;
  CLOSE curs;
  RETURN QUERY SELECT plan;
END;
$$
LANGUAGE 'plpgsql'
RETURNS NULL ON NULL INPUT
SECURITY DEFINER
  1. Configure your instance config with the azure.managed_authentication YAML block, where the CLIENT_ID is the Client ID of the Managed Identity:
instances:
  - host: example-flex-server.postgres.database.azure.com
    dbm: true
    username: "<IDENTITY_NAME>"
    ssl: "require"
    azure:
      deployment_type: flexible_server
      fully_qualified_domain_name: example-flex-server.postgres.database.azure.com
      managed_authentication:
        enabled: true
        client_id: "<CLIENT_ID>"
        # Optionally set the scope from where to request the identity token
        identity_scope: "https://ossrdbms-aad.database.windows.net/.default"

Connect to SQL Server

In order to configure authentication to your Azure SQL DB or Azure Managed Instance, do the following:

  1. Create your managed identity in the Azure portal, and assign it to your Azure Virtual Machine where the agent is deployed.
  2. Configure a Microsoft Entra ID admin user on your SQL Server instance.
  3. Connect to your SQL Server instance as the Microsoft Entra ID admin user, and run the following command in the master database:
CREATE LOGIN <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME> FROM EXTERNAL PROVIDER;
  1. Proceed with the normal Agent setup steps, for Azure. For example, for Azure Managed Instance:
CREATE USER <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME> FOR LOGIN <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;
GRANT CONNECT ANY DATABASE to <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;
GRANT VIEW SERVER STATE to <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;
GRANT VIEW ANY DEFINITION to <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;
GO

If you are using Azure SQL DB, run the following from the master database:

CREATE LOGIN <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME> FROM EXTERNAL PROVIDER;
CREATE USER datadog FOR LOGIN <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;
ALTER SERVER ROLE ##MS_ServerStateReader## ADD MEMBER <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;
ALTER SERVER ROLE ##MS_DefinitionReader## ADD MEMBER <MANAGED_IDENTITY_NAME>;

And then create the user in every database:

CREATE USER <DBM_DATADOG_TEST_IDENTITY> FOR LOGIN <DBM_DATADOG_TEST_IDENTITY>;
  1. Update your instance config with the managed_identity config block:

Note: ODBC Driver 17 for SQL Server or greater is required to use this feature.

instances:
 - host: "example.cfcc2366ab90.database.windows.net,1433"
   connector: "odbc"
   driver: "{ODBC Driver 18 for SQL Server}"
   dbm: true
   connection_string: "TrustServerCertificate=no;Encrypt=yes;"
   managed_identity:
     client_id: "<CLIENT_ID>"
   azure:
     deployment_type: managed_instance
     fully_qualified_domain_name: example.cfcc2366ab90.database.windows.net