The Datadog APM Tracer supports B3 and W3C headers extraction and injection for distributed tracing.

You can configure injection and extraction styles for distributed headers.

The PHP Tracer supports the following styles:

  • Datadog: Datadog
  • W3C: tracecontext
  • B3 Multi Header: b3multi (B3 is deprecated)
  • B3 Single Header: B3 single header

You can use the following environment variables to configure the PHP tracing library injection and extraction styles. For instance:

  • DD_TRACE_PROPAGATION_STYLE_INJECT=Datadog,tracecontext,B3 single header
  • DD_TRACE_PROPAGATION_STYLE_EXTRACT=Datadog,tracecontext,B3 single header

The environment variable values are comma-separated lists of header styles enabled for injection or extraction. By default, only the tracecontext and Datadog injection styles are enabled.

If multiple extraction styles are enabled, the extraction attempt is completed with the following priorities: tracecontext has priority, then Datadog, then B3.

When a new PHP script is launched, the tracer automatically checks for the presence of Datadog headers for distributed tracing:

  • x-datadog-trace-id (environment variable: HTTP_X_DATADOG_TRACE_ID)
  • x-datadog-parent-id (environment variable: HTTP_X_DATADOG_PARENT_ID)
  • x-datadog-origin (environment variable: HTTP_X_DATADOG_ORIGIN)
  • x-datadog-tags (environment variable: HTTP_X_DATADOG_TAGS)

To manually set this information in a CLI script on new traces or an existing trace, a function DDTrace\set_distributed_tracing_context(string $trace_id, string $parent_id, ?string $origin = null, ?array $tags = null) is provided.


function processIncomingQueueMessage($message) {

    function(\DDTrace\SpanData $span, $args) {
        $message = $args[0];
        \DDTrace\set_distributed_tracing_context($message->trace_id, $message->parent_id);

Alternatively, starting with version 0.87.0, if the raw headers are available, a function DDTrace\consume_distributed_tracing_headers(array|callable $headersOrCallback) is provided. Note that the header names must be in lowercase.

$headers = [
	"x-datadog-trace-id" => "1234567890",
	"x-datadog-parent-id" => "987654321",


To extract the trace context directly as headers, a function DDTrace\generate_distributed_tracing_headers(?array $inject = null): array is provided. Its sole optional argument accepts an array of injection style names. It defaults to the configured injection style.

$headers = DDTrace\generate_distributed_tracing_headers();
// Store headers somewhere, inject them in an outbound request, ...
// These $headers can also be read back by \DDTrace\consume_distributed_tracing_headers from another process.