Disable the CUPS Service

Description

The cups service can be disabled with the following command:

$ sudo systemctl mask --now cups.service

Rationale

Turn off unneeded services to reduce attack surface.

Remediation

Shell script

The following script can be run on the host to remediate the issue.

#!/bin/bash

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

SYSTEMCTL_EXEC='/usr/bin/systemctl'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" stop 'cups.service'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" disable 'cups.service'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" mask 'cups.service'
# Disable socket activation if we have a unit file for it
if "$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" -q list-unit-files cups.socket; then
    "$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" stop 'cups.socket'
    "$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" mask 'cups.socket'
fi
# The service may not be running because it has been started and failed,
# so let's reset the state so OVAL checks pass.
# Service should be 'inactive', not 'failed' after reboot though.
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" reset-failed 'cups.service' || true

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Ansible playbook

The following playbook can be run with Ansible to remediate the issue.

- name: Block Disable service cups
  block:

  - name: Disable service cups
    block:

    - name: Disable service cups
      systemd:
        name: cups.service
        enabled: 'no'
        state: stopped
        masked: 'yes'
    rescue:

    - name: Intentionally ignored previous 'Disable service cups' failure, service
        was already disabled
      meta: noop
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - service_cups_disabled
  - unknown_severity

- name: Unit Socket Exists - cups.socket
  command: systemctl -q list-unit-files cups.socket
  register: socket_file_exists
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: socket_file_exists.rc not in [0, 1]
  check_mode: false
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - service_cups_disabled
  - unknown_severity

- name: Disable socket cups
  systemd:
    name: cups.socket
    enabled: 'no'
    state: stopped
    masked: 'yes'
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - socket_file_exists.stdout_lines is search("cups.socket",multiline=True)
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - service_cups_disabled
  - unknown_severity