MySQL instance should have the 'skip_show_database' flag set to 'on'


It is recommended that for Cloud SQL Instances, you set the skip_show_database database flag to ON.


The skip_show_database database flag prevents people from using the SHOW DATABASES statement if they do not have the SHOW DATABASES privilege. This can improve security if you have concerns about users being able to see databases belonging to other users. The skip_show_database flag’s effect depends on the SHOW DATABASES privilege: If the variable value is ON, the SHOW DATABASES statement is permitted only for users who have the SHOW DATABASES privilege, and the statement displays all database names. If the value is OFF, SHOW DATABASES is permitted for all users, but displays the names of only those databases for which the user has SHOW DATABASES or other privilege. This recommendation is applicable to MySQL database instances.


Using console

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console.
  2. Select the MySQL instance for which you want to enable the database flag.
  3. Click Edit.
  4. Scroll down to the Flags section.
  5. To set a flag that has not been set on the instance before, click Add item, choose the flag skip_show_database from the drop-down menu, and set its value to ON.
  6. Click Save to save your changes.
  7. Confirm your changes under Flags on the Overview page.

Using command line:

  1. To list all Cloud SQL database Instances, run: gcloud sql instances list

  2. Configure the skip_show_database database flag for every Cloud SQL MySQL database instance using the following command:

    gcloud sql instances patch INSTANCE_NAME --database-flags

    Note: This command overwrites all database flags previously set. To keep the previously set flags and add new ones, include the values for all flags you want set on the instance; any flag not specifically included is set to its default value. For flags that do not take a value, specify the flag name followed by an equals sign (=).



Additional information

Warning: This patch modifies database flag values, which may require your instance to be restarted. Check the list of supported flags to see if your instance will be restarted when this patch is submitted.

Note: Some database flag settings can affect instance availability or stability, and remove the instance from the Cloud SQL SLA. For information about these flags, see Operational Guidelines.

Note: Configuring the above flag restarts the Cloud SQL instance.

CIS controls

Version 8, 3.3 - Configure Data Access Control Lists

  • Configure data access control lists based on a user’s need to know. Apply data access control lists, also known as access permissions, to local and remote file systems, databases, and applications.