Base64 was detected in an http.user_agent or http.referrer


This rule detects if your Apache or NGINX web servers are being exploited using the log4j vulnerability. The initial vulnerability was identified as CVE-2021-44228.


This signal evaluated that Base64 has been detected in the HTTP header fields user agent and referrer or referer.

Triage and response

  1. Ensure you servers have the most recent version of log4j installed.
  2. If you are not patched, decode the base64 string and look for any successful traffic to the malicious server.
  3. If a connection was successful to the malicious server, begin your company’s IR procedures to remediate.

Note: Datadog’s The Monitor blog has an article published about “The Log4j Logshell vulnerability: Overview, detection, and remediation”.