Set the GNOME3 Login Warning Banner Text

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Description

In the default graphical environment, configuring the login warning banner text in the GNOME Display Manager’s login screen can be configured on the login screen by setting banner-message-text to '*APPROVED\_BANNER*' where APPROVED_BANNER is the approved banner for your environment.

To enable, add or edit banner-message-text to

/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults. For example:

[org/gnome/login-screen]
banner-message-text='APPROVED_BANNER'

After the settings have been set, run dconf update. When entering a warning banner that spans several lines, remember to begin and end the string with ' and use \n for new lines.

Rationale

An appropriate warning message reinforces policy awareness during the logon process and facilitates possible legal action against attackers.

Remediation

Shell script

The following script can be run on the host to remediate the issue.

#!/bin/bash

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'gdm3' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

login_banner_text='^Authorized[\s\n]+uses[\s\n]+only\.[\s\n]+All[\s\n]+activity[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+be[\s\n]+monitored[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+reported\.$'


# Multiple regexes transform the banner regex into a usable banner
# 0 - Remove anchors around the banner text
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/^\^\(.*\)\$$/\1/g')
# 1 - Keep only the first banners if there are multiple
#    (dod_banners contains the long and short banner)
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/^(\(.*\.\)|.*)$/\1/g')
# 2 - Add spaces ' '. (Transforms regex for "space or newline" into a " ")
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/\[\\s\\n\]+/ /g')
# 3 - Adds newline "tokens". (Transforms "(?:\[\\n\]+|(?:\\n)+)" into "(n)*")
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/(?:\[\\n\]+|(?:\\\\n)+)/(n)*/g')
# 4 - Remove any leftover backslash. (From any parethesis in the banner, for example).
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/\\//g')
# 5 - Removes the newline "token." (Transforms them into newline escape sequences "\n").
#    ( Needs to be done after 4, otherwise the escapce sequence will become just "n".
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/(n)\*/\\n/g')

# Will do both approach, since we plan to migrate to checks over dconf db. That way, future updates of the tool
# will pass the check even if we decide to check only for the dconf db path.
if [ -e "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults" ] ; then
    
    LC_ALL=C sed -i "/^\s*banner\-message\-text/Id" "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"
else
    touch "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"
fi
# make sure file has newline at the end
sed -i -e '$a\' "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"

cp "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults" "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults.bak"
# Insert after the line matching the regex '\[org/gnome/login-screen\]'
line_number="$(LC_ALL=C grep -n "\[org/gnome/login-screen\]" "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults.bak" | LC_ALL=C sed 's/:.*//g')"
if [ -z "$line_number" ]; then
    # There was no match of '\[org/gnome/login-screen\]', insert at
    # the end of the file.
    printf '%s\n' "banner-message-text='${login_banner_text}'" >> "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"
else
    head -n "$(( line_number ))" "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults.bak" > "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"
    printf '%s\n' "banner-message-text='${login_banner_text}'" >> "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"
    tail -n "+$(( line_number + 1 ))" "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults.bak" >> "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults"
fi
# Clean up after ourselves.
rm "/etc/gdm3/greeter.dconf-defaults.bak"
# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
# If files contain ibus or distro, ignore them.
# The assignment assumes that individual filenames don't contain :
readarray -t SETTINGSFILES < <(grep -r "\\[org/gnome/login-screen\\]" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
                                | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|gdm.d' | cut -d":" -f1)
DCONFFILE="/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/00-security-settings"
DBDIR="/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d"

mkdir -p "${DBDIR}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [ "${#SETTINGSFILES[@]}" -ne 0 ]
then
    if grep -q "^\\s*banner-message-text\\s*=" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    then
        
        sed -Ei "s/(^\s*)banner-message-text(\s*=)/#\1banner-message-text\2/g" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    fi
fi

[ ! -z "${DCONFFILE}" ] && echo "" >> "${DCONFFILE}"
if ! grep -q "\\[org/gnome/login-screen\\]" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
    printf '%s\n' "[org/gnome/login-screen]" >> ${DCONFFILE}
fi

escaped_value="$(sed -e 's/\\/\\\\/g' <<< "'${login_banner_text}'")"
if grep -q "^\\s*banner-message-text\\s*=" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
        sed -i "s/\\s*banner-message-text\\s*=\\s*.*/banner-message-text=${escaped_value}/g" "${DCONFFILE}"
    else
        sed -i "\\|\\[org/gnome/login-screen\\]|a\\banner-message-text=${escaped_value}" "${DCONFFILE}"
fi

dconf update
# No need to use dconf update, since bash_dconf_settings does that already

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi