Generate Metrics from Ingested Logs

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Overview

Datadog’s Logging without Limits* lets you dynamically decide what to include or exclude from your indexes for storage and query, at the same time many types of logs are meant to be used for telemetry to track trends, such as KPIs, over long periods of time. Log-based metrics are a cost-efficient way to summarize log data from the entire ingest stream. This means that even if you use exclusion filters to limit what you store for exploration, you can still visualize trends and anomalies over all of your log data at 10s granularity for 15 months.

With log-based metrics, you can generate a count metric of logs that match a query or a distribution metric of a numeric value contained in the logs, such as request duration.

Billing Note: Metrics created from ingested logs are billed as Custom Metrics.

Generate a log-based metric

Generate Logs to metric

To generate a new log-based metric:

  1. Navigate to Log > Configuration.
  2. Select the Generate Metrics tab.
  3. Click +New Metric.

You can also create metrics from an Analytics search by selecting the “Generate new metric” option from the Export menu.

Generate Logs to metric

Add a new log-based metric

Create a Logs to metric
  1. Input a query to filter the log stream: The query syntax is the same as for the Log Explorer Search. Only logs ingested with a timestamp within the past 20 minutes are considered for aggregation.
  2. Select the field you would like to track: Select * to generate a count of all logs matching your query or enter a log attribute (for example, @network.bytes_written) to aggregate a numeric value and create its corresponding count, min, max, sum, and avg aggregated metrics. If the log attribute facet is a measure, the value of the metric is the value of the log attribute.
  3. Add dimensions to group by: By default, metrics generated from logs do not have any tags unless explicitly added. Any attribute or tag dimension that exists in your logs (for example, @network.bytes_written, env) can be used to create metric tags. Metric tags names are equal to the originating attribute or tag name, without the @.
  4. Add percentile aggregations: For distribution metrics, you can optionally generate p50, p75, p90, p95, and p99 percentiles. Percentile metrics are also considered custom metrics, and billed accordingly.
  5. Name your metric: Log-based metric names must follow the custom metric naming convention.

Note: Data points for log-based metrics are generated at 10-second intervals. When you create a dashboard graph for log-based metrics, the count unique parameter is based on the values within the 10-second interval.

The timeseries graph configuration page with the count unique query parameter highlighted
Log-based metrics are considered custom metrics and billed accordingly. Avoid grouping by unbounded or extremely high cardinality attributes like timestamps, user IDs, request IDs, or session IDs to avoid impacting your billing.

Update a log-based metric

After a metric is created, the following fields can be updated:

  • Stream filter query: To change the set of matching logs to be aggregated into metrics
  • Aggregation groups: To update the tags or manage the cardinality of the generated metrics
  • Percentile selection: Check or uncheck the Calculate percentiles box to remove or generate percentile metrics

To change the metric type or name, a new metric must be created.

Logs usage metrics

Recommended Usage Metrics

Usage metrics are estimates of your current Datadog usage in near real-time. They enable you to:

  • Graph your estimated usage.
  • Create monitors around your estimated usage.
  • Get instant alerts about spikes or drops in your usage.
  • Assess the potential impact of code changes on your usage in near real-time.

Log Management usage metrics come with three tags that can be used for more granular monitoring:

TagDescription
datadog_indexIndicates the routing query that matches a log to an intended index.
datadog_is_excludedIndicates whether or not a log matches an exclusion query.
serviceThe service attribute of the log event.

An extra status tag is available on the datadog.estimated_usage.logs.ingested_events metric to reflect the log status (info, warning, etc.).

Further Reading


*Logging without Limits is a trademark of Datadog, Inc.