Within Datadog, a graph can only contain a set number of points and, as the timeframe over which a metric is viewed increases, aggregation between points occurs to stay below that set number. Thus you will lose in granularity as you increase the timeframe. For instance, for a 4-hour time window, data is aggregated to have one value per minute. As you “zoom out” (i.e. select a larger timeframe) the data shown on the graph will represent larger time period.
You can append the.rollup() function to your query to adjust the method and granularity of time aggregation.This function defaults to the avg method and 20s of granularity, but if you wanted to aggregate the sum of the metric over a 1 day period, you could append .rollup(sum, 86400) to your query. If you want to keep an eye on the max values, you may use the maximum aggregation .rollup(max).
Here is a bar graph displaying a week’s worth of cpu usage for a host without using the .rollup() function:
And here is the same metric, graphed using a day-long rollup with .rollup(86400):
See here for more detailed information about the .rollup() function.