Enforce using control statement brackets

Metadata

ID: java-code-style/control-statement-braces

Language: Java

Severity: Notice

Category: Code Style

Description

Omitting braces {} is valid in multiple statements, such as, for loops, if statements, and while loops. However, enforcing the use of control braces throughout your codebase will make the code more consistent and can make it easier to add statements in the future.

Non-Compliant Code Examples

public class Foo {
    int x = 0;

    public void bar() {
        // while loop - no braces
        while (true)
            x++;

        // for loop - no braces
        for (int i = 0; i < 42; i++)
            x++;

        // if only - no braces
        if (true)
            x++;
        
        // if/else - no braces
        if (true)
            x++;
         else 
            x--;
        
        // do/while - no braces
        do
            i++;
        while (true);
        
        // case - no braces - allowed by default
        switch(i) {
            case (i < 42):
                return "foo";
            default: 
                return "bar"
        }
    }
}

Compliant Code Examples

public class Foo {
    int x = 0;

    public void bar() {
        // while loop - with braces
        while (true) {
            x++;
        }

        // for loop - with braces
        for (int i = 0; i < 42; i++) {
            x++;
        }

        // if only - with braces
        if (true) {
            x++;
        }
            
        // if/else - with braces
        if (true) {
            x++;
        } else {
            x--;
        }
    
        // do/while - with braces
        do {
            i++;
        }
        while (true);
        
        // case - with braces
        switch(i) {
            case (i < 42) {
                return "foo";
            }
            default {
                return "bar"
            }
        }
    }
}