Datadog Heroku Buildpack
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Datadog Heroku Buildpack

This Heroku buildpack installs the Datadog Agent in your Heroku dyno to collect system metrics, custom application metrics, and traces. To collect custom application metrics or traces, include the language appropriate DogStatsD or Datadog APM library in your application.

Installation

To add this buildpack to your project, as well as set the required environment variables:

cd <HEROKU_PROJECT_ROOT_FOLDER>

# If this is a new Heroku project
heroku create

# Add the appropriate language-specific buildpack. For example:
heroku buildpacks:add heroku/ruby

# Enable Heroku Labs Dyno Metadata
heroku labs:enable runtime-dyno-metadata -a $(heroku apps:info|grep ===|cut -d' ' -f2)

# Add this buildpack and set your Datadog API key
heroku buildpacks:add https://github.com/DataDog/heroku-buildpack-datadog.git#<DATADOG_BUILDPACK_RELEASE>
heroku config:add DD_API_KEY=<DATADOG_API_KEY>

# Deploy to Heroku
git push heroku master

Warning: Buildpacks that install apt packages (e.g. apt, puppeteer dependencies) or buildpacks that modify the /app folder (e.g. monorepo) need to be added before the Datadog buildpack. For example, if your application uses the ruby, datadog and apt buildpacks, this would be a correct heroku buildpacks output:

1. heroku/ruby
2. https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-apt.git
3. https://github.com/DataDog/heroku-buildpack-datadog.git

Replace <DATADOG_API_KEY> with your Datadog API key. Replace <DATADOG_BUILDPACK_RELEASE> with the Buildpack release you want to use.

Once complete, the Datadog Agent is started automatically when each dyno starts.

The Datadog Agent provides a listening port on 8125 for statsd/dogstatsd metrics and events. Traces are collected on port 8126.

Upgrading and slug recompilation

Upgrading this buildpack or modifying certain buildpack options requires you to clear your application’s build cache and recompile your slug.

The following options require a slug recompilation:

  • DD_AGENT_VERSION
  • DD_AGENT_MAJOR_VERSION
  • DD_PYTHON_VERSION
  • DD_APM_ENABLED
  • DD_PROCESS_AGENT

To upgrade this buildpack and/or to change any of these options, for example DD_AGENT_VERSION, the following steps are required:

# Install the Heroku Repo plugin
heroku plugins:install heroku-repo

# Set new version of the Agent
heroku config:set DD_AGENT_VERSION=<NEW_AGENT_VERSION> -a appname

# Clears Heroku's build cache for "appname" application
heroku repo:purge_cache -a appname

# Rebuild your slug with the new Agent version:
git commit --allow-empty -m "Purge cache"
git push heroku master

Configuration

In addition to the environment variables shown above, there are a number of others you can set:

SettingDescription
DD_API_KEYRequired. Your API key is available from the Datadog API Integrations page. Note that this is the API key, not the application key.
DD_HOSTNAMEOptional. WARNING: Setting the hostname manually may result in metrics continuity errors. It is recommended that you do not set this variable. Because dyno hosts are ephemeral it is recommended that you monitor based on the tags dynoname or appname.
DD_DYNO_HOSTOptional. Set to true to use the dyno name (e.g. web.1 or run.1234) as the hostname. See the hostname section below for more information. Defaults to false
DD_TAGSOptional. Sets additional tags provided as a comma-delimited string. For example, heroku config:set DD_TAGS="simple-tag-0, tag-key-1:tag-value-1". The buildpack automatically adds the tags dyno which represent the dyno name (e.g. web.1) and dynotype (the type of dyno, e.g run or web). See the “Guide to tagging” for more information.
DD_HISTOGRAM_PERCENTILESOptional. Optionally set additional percentiles for your histogram metrics. See How to graph percentiles.
DISABLE_DATADOG_AGENTOptional. When set, the Datadog Agent does not run.
DD_APM_ENABLEDOptional. Trace collection is enabled by default. Set this to false to disable trace collection. Changing this option requires recompilation of the slug. Check the upgrading and slug recompilation section for details.
DD_PROCESS_AGENTOptional. The Datadog Process Agent is disabled by default. Set this to true to enable the Process Agent. Changing this option requires recompilation of the slug. Check the upgrading and slug recompilation section for details.
DD_SITEOptional. If you use the app.datadoghq.eu service, set this to datadoghq.eu. Defaults to datadoghq.com.
DD_AGENT_VERSIONOptional. By default, the buildpack installs the latest 6.x version of the Datadog Agent available in the package repository. Use this variable to install older versions of the Datadog Agent (note that not all versions of the Agent may be available). This option takes precedence over DD_AGENT_MAJOR_VERSION. Changing this option requires recompiling the slug. Check the upgrading and slug recompilation section for details.
DD_AGENT_MAJOR_VERSIONOptional. By default, the buildpack installs the latest 6.x version of the Datadog Agent available in the package repository. Set this variable to 7 to install the latest 7.x version of the Datadog Agent. Check the Python versions section for more information on the relation of the agent version and Python version. Changing this option requires recompiling the slug. Check the upgrading and slug recompilation section for details.
DD_DISABLE_HOST_METRICSOptional. By default, the buildpack reports system metrics for the host machine running the dyno. Set this to true to disable system metrics collection. See the system metrics section below for more information.
DD_PYTHON_VERSIONOptional. Starting with version 6.14.0, Datadog Agent ships with Python versions 2 and 3. The buildpack will only keep one of the versions. Set this to 2 or 3 to select the Python version you want the agent to keep. If not set, the buildpack will keep 2. Check the Python versions section for more information. Changing this option requires recompiling the slug. Check the upgrading and slug recompilation section for details.

For additional documentation, refer to the Datadog Agent documentation.

Hostname

Heroku dynos are ephemeral—they can move to different host machines whenever new code is deployed, configuration changes are made, or resouce needs/availability changes. This makes Heroku flexible and responsive, but can potentially lead to a high number of reported hosts in Datadog. Datadog bills on a per-host basis, and the buildpack default is to report actual hosts, which can lead to higher than expected costs.

Depending on your use case, you may want to set your hostname so that hosts are aggregated and report a lower number. To do this, Set DD_DYNO_HOST to true. This will cause the Agent to report the hostname as the app and dyno name (e.g. appname.web.1 or appname.run.1234) and your host count will closely match your dyno usage. One drawback is that you may see some metrics continuity errors whenever a dyno is cycled.

For this to work correctly, HEROKU_APP_NAME needs to be set. The easiest way to do this is by enabling dyno metadata Take into account that dyno metadata is not yet available in Private Spaces, in which case you will need to set HEROKU_APP_NAME manually.

System metrics

By default, the buildpack collects system metrics for the host machine running your dyno. System metrics are not available for individual dynos using this buildpack. To disable host system metrics collection, set the DD_DISABLE_HOST_METRICS environment variable to true.

In order to collect system metrics for your dynos, you must:

  1. Enable the Heroku Labs: log-runtime-metrics.
  2. Use the Datadog log drain to collect metric logs from the Heroku Logplex and forward them to Datadog.
  3. Generate log-based metric over the collected logs.

File locations

  • The Datadog Agent is installed at /app/.apt/opt/datadog-agent
  • The Datadog Agent configuration files are at /app/.apt/etc/datadog-agent
  • The Datadog Agent logs are at /app/.apt/var/log/datadog

Enabling integrations

To enable a Datadog- integration, create a file /datadog/conf.d/<INTEGRATION_NAME>.yaml in the root of your application. During the dyno start up, your YAML files are copied to the appropriate Datadog Agent configuration directories.

For example, to enable the Datadog-Redis integration, create the file /datadog/conf.d/redis.yaml at the root of your application:

init_config:

instances:

    ## @param host - string - required
    ## Enter the host to connect to.
    #
  - host: <REDIS_HOST>

    ## @param port - integer - required
    ## Enter the port of the host to connect to.
    #
    port: 6379

Note: See the sample redisdb.d/conf.yaml for all available configuration options.

Prerun script

In addition to all of the configurations above, you can include a prerun script, /datadog/prerun.sh, in your application. The prerun script will run after all of the standard configuration actions and immediately before starting the Datadog Agent. This allows you to modify the environment variables, perform additional configurations, or even disable the Datadog Agent programmatically.

The example below demonstrates a few of the things you can do in the prerun.sh script:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# Disable the Datadog Agent based on dyno type
if [ "$DYNOTYPE" == "run" ]; then
  DISABLE_DATADOG_AGENT="true"
fi

# Update the Postgres configuration from above using the Heroku application environment variable
if [ -n "$DATABASE_URL" ]; then
  POSTGREGEX='^postgres://([^:]+):([^@]+)@([^:]+):([^/]+)/(.*)$'
  if [[ $DATABASE_URL =~ $POSTGREGEX ]]; then
    sed -i "s/<YOUR HOSTNAME>/${BASH_REMATCH[3]}/" "$DD_CONF_DIR/conf.d/postgres.d/conf.yaml"
    sed -i "s/<YOUR USERNAME>/${BASH_REMATCH[1]}/" "$DD_CONF_DIR/conf.d/postgres.d/conf.yaml"
    sed -i "s/<YOUR PASSWORD>/${BASH_REMATCH[2]}/" "$DD_CONF_DIR/conf.d/postgres.d/conf.yaml"
    sed -i "s/<YOUR PORT>/${BASH_REMATCH[4]}/" "$DD_CONF_DIR/conf.d/postgres.d/conf.yaml"
    sed -i "s/<YOUR DBNAME>/${BASH_REMATCH[5]}/" "$DD_CONF_DIR/conf.d/postgres.d/conf.yaml"
  fi
fi

Limiting Datadog’s console output

In some cases, you may want to limit the amount of logs the Datadog buildpack is writing to the console.

To limit the log output of the buildpack, set the DD_LOG_LEVEL environment variable to one of the following: TRACE, DEBUG, INFO, WARN, ERROR, CRITICAL, OFF.

heroku config:add DD_LOG_LEVEL=ERROR

Optional binaries

To save slug space, the trace-agent and process-agent optional binaries are removed during compilation if DD_APM_ENABLED is set to false, and/or DD_PROCESS_AGENT is not set or set to false.

To reduce your slug size, make sure that DD_APM_ENABLED is set to false, if you are not using APM features; and DD_PROCESS_AGENT is not set to true, if you are not using process monitoring.

Debugging

To run any of the information/debugging commands listed in the Agent’s documentation use the agent-wrapper command.

For example, to display the status of your Datadog Agent and enabled integrations, run:

agent-wrapper status

Python and Agent versions

Prior to version 6.14 the Datadog v6 agent shipped with Python version 2 embedded. Starting with 6.14, and in preparation for Python version 2 End Of Life, announced for January 2020, the Datadog v6 agent ships with both Python versions 2 and 3, to give customers enough time to migrate their custom checks to Python version 3. The Heroku buildpack will only keep one of the versions. Set DD_PYTHON_VERSION to 2 or 3 to select the Python version you want the agent to keep. If not set, the buildpack will keep Python version 2. If you are using custom checks that only work with Python version 2, we recommend to migrate them to version 3 before its EOL.

Agent v7 only ships with Python version 3. If you are not using custom checks or your custom checks are already migrated to version 3, we recommend moving to Agent 7 as soon as possible. Starting with 6.15, v7 releases with the same minor version share the same feature set, making it safe to move between those two. For example, if you are running 6.16 and you don’t need Python version 2, it is safe to jump to 7.16.

Heroku log collection

The Datadog buildpack does not collect logs from the Heroku platform. To set up Heroku log collection, see the dedicated guide.

Using Heroku with Docker images

This buildpack only works for Heroku deployments that use Heroku’s Slug Compiler. If you are deploying your application in Heroku using Docker containers you will need to add the Datadog agent as part of your Docker image and start the agent as a different process in your container.

As an example, if you are building your Docker image using a Debian based OS, you will need to add the following lines to your Dockerfile:

# Install GPG dependencies
RUN apt-get update \
 && apt-get install -y gpg apt-transport-https gpg-agent curl ca-certificates

# Add Datadog repository and signing key
RUN sh -c "echo 'deb https://apt.datadoghq.com/ stable 7' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/datadog.list"
RUN apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 A2923DFF56EDA6E76E55E492D3A80E30382E94DE

# Install the Datadog agent
RUN apt-get update && apt-get -y --force-yes install --reinstall datadog-agent

# Copy entrypoint
COPY entrypoint.sh /

# Expose DogStatsD and trace-agent ports
EXPOSE 8125/udp 8126/tcp

# Copy your Datadog configuration
COPY datadog-config/ /etc/datadog-agent/

CMD ["/entrypoint.sh"]

In your Docker container entry point you will to start the Datadog Agent, the Datadog APM agent and the Datadog process agent:

#!/bin/bash

datadog-agent run &
/opt/datadog-agent/embedded/bin/trace-agent --config=/etc/datadog-agent/datadog.yaml &
/opt/datadog-agent/embedded/bin/process-agent --config=/etc/datadog-agent/datadog.yaml

For more advanced options in the Docker image, reference the Datadog Agent Docker files.

Contributing

See the contributing documentation to learn how to open an issue or PR to the Heroku-buildpack-datadog repository.

History

Earlier versions of this project were forked from the miketheman heroku-buildpack-datadog project. It was largely rewritten for Datadog’s Agent version 6. Changes and more information can be found in the changelog.

FAQs / Troubleshooting

Datadog is reporting a higher number of agents than dynos

Make sure you have DD_DYNO_HOST set to true and that HEROKU_APP_NAME has a value set for every Heroku application. See the Hostname section for details.

After upgrading the buildpack or the agent, the agent is reporting errors when starting up

After an upgrade of the buildpack or agent, you must clear your build cache and recompile your application’s slug. Check the upgrading and slug recompilation section for details.